Skip to main content
McMaster University Menu Search

Careers in Sociology

A degree in sociology can prepare students for a wide range of jobs and careers, as well as specialized graduate studies. A list of possible employment and educational avenues is presented below.

We also list some of the challenges that are currently being taken up by sociologists.

Skills Development

Employers are looking for employees with not only the ability to perform a particular job, but with the strategies to adapt to a changing workplace. Sociology students have the opportunity to develop a variety of skills that are transferable to the world of work.

  • clear and logical thinking, analytical skills
  • compiling ideas and facts in a clear, organized and concise manner
  • planning and organizing work leading to the solution of a problem
  • identifying and locating sources of information
  • managing time in order to meet multiple demands
  • negotiation and group work
  • interviewing techniques, statistical analysis using software packages
  • supporting arguments and decisions with facts and statistics
  • writing and presenting reports and essays, expressing ideas clearly and logically

Fields of Employment and Further Study

  • Advertising Consultant
  • Business Consultant
  • Career Counsellor
  • Community Activism/support
  • Counseling
  • Criminal justice
  • Early childhood education
  • Education/Teacher
  • Health Care Coordinator
  • Human Resources Specialist
  • Media Consultant
  • Pre-law Preparation
  • Probation/Parole Officer
  • Social Worker
  • System Analyst

Challenges and Fields of Inquiry

  • Aboriginal rights
  • Anti-racism
  • Community development
  • Consumer advocacy
  • Environmentalism
  • Family policy
  • Gay and lesbian rights
  • Editorial work
  • Gerontology
  • Industrial relations
  • Journalism
  • Labour consulting
  • Law and legal studies
  • Marketing
  • Media consulting
  • Policy analysis
  • Public relations
  • Publishing
  • Recreation
  • Research (academic, government, labour market)

Challenges and Fields of Inquiry

  • School teaching
  • Social work
  • Statistical analysis
  • Urban planning
  • Gender discrimination and feminist struggles
  • Globalization
  • Human resources
  • Health care
  • Homelessness
  • Human rights
  • Labour unionism
  • New information technologies
  • Racial discrimination
  • Representation and popular culture
  • Social policy
  • Social welfare
  • Violence against women
  • Workplace health and safety
  • Workplace restructuring
  • Youth and age discrimination